Bone grafting is where a bone matrix is placed in an area in your mouth where you need more bone.
Bone grafting is done for two reasons: One is to create enough bone height/width, to place dental implants, secondly to fill out bone deterioration or depressions under the gums. Filling out the gums are done for cosmetic and gum contour reasons. Bone grafting increases the quality and quantity of bone available.
Bone grafting can be done in every area of the mouth. The predictability and quantity of bone is highly dependent upon the area of the mouth and the size and type of graft needed. This will need to be explained on a case-by-case basis.
The bone grafting material source can be from you the patient (autogenous), from a donor source (allograft) or artificial material, organic or bovine source (alloplastic). All three bone grafting sources are widely used although autogenous sources are used less frequently because it is hard to get the volume of bone needed and you are exposing an additional surgical site. Allografts and alloplastic materials are both routinely used and have specific indications in each area of the mouth. When these materials are used you will be informed of what we will be using.
Dr. Fitzgerald prefers the allograft bone matrix (DynaBlast) to the alloplastic materials. Allograft materials are from a federally regulated tissue bank. The matrix is human bone that has been treated to remove all blood products so they may be safely used in humans.
In addition to the bone graft material Dr. Fitzgerald may also use a membrane to keep the bone graft material in place and to provide optimal healing.
If you would like to know more about how we do bone grafting in Dallas, TX drop us a line!